To Thomas Jefferson September 30, 1805
From the original letter at the Library of Congress.
New Rochelle (N.Y) Sep 30 ’05
I write you this letter entirely on my own account, and I begin it without ceremony.
In the year 84 or 5 a motion was made in the legislature of Virginia for making an acknowledgement to me for voluntary services during the revolution. The bill, as I am informed, for that purpose, passed two readings and was lost on the third reading by three votes. The acknowledgement proposed to be given was a tract of land, called, as I have been told, the secretary’s tract, which I suppose is since disposed of, but I wish the matter to be brought over again and I think it ought to be.
After the State of Rhode Island had refused complying with the five per cent duty recommended by Congress and the State of Virginia had repealed the Act she had passed to grant it, I saw no possibility of going on otherwise than by authorizing Congress to make laws for the Union in all cases that were to extend equally over all the states, and I wrote to Chancellor Livingston, minister for foreign affairs, and Robert Morris minister of finance in the winter of 81-2 on the subject. The proposal in the letter, was, to add a continental legislature to Congress. The Idea took with them at once. But as this would be called encreasing the power of Congress, and as I intended taking up the subject when I should see the Country wrong enough to be put right, it was best, on that account, to leave it to the States individually to make me what acknowledgement they pleased, and it was on this ground that the state of New York made me a present of a farm worth at that time about a thousand pound (York currency) and the state of Pennsylvania voted me five hundred pounds, but the state of Virginia having negatived the grant she had proposed to make me, on the recommendation of Genl Washington, the matter went no further with any of the States.
I suggest another Idea, which is, that as only two of the states have made me any acknowledgement, that Congress take up the subject for the whole (I suppose the two States who have made me an acknowledgement will not object to this) and grant me a tract of land that I can make something of. Had it not been for the economy and extreme frugality with which I have lived I should at this time of life be in an unpleasant situation. But I wish you to be assured that whatever event this proposal may take it will make no alteration in my principles or my conduct. I have been a volunteer to the world for thirty years without taking profits from anything I have published in America or in Europe. I have relinquished all profits that those publications might come cheap among the people for whom they were intended.
Yours in friendship
P. S. If any further explanation be wanted I will communicate it